Bustards

BustardsBustards are from the Otididae family. Their body is slow and big. Some of them weigh more than 20kg. The legs are long, without rear finger. They don’t have rump gland and the feathers are wet easily. There are more than 23 kinds of bustards, spread throughout Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. They are mostly found on open steppes and half-steppes regions. They live alone or in groups and during the mating season – in pairs. They hatch 2 eggs and the newborns are ready for independent living. They feed with seeds, grass, invertebrates and small mammals. In Bulgaria there are 2 known kinds which are mainly focused in Dobrudzha. The Grand Bustard Continue reading “Bustards”

Don

Don riverDon is a river in the European part of Russia. Its source is in the Central Russian Upland, southeast of Tula city and flows northwest of Azov city into the Taganrogski bay of Azov sea. Don has a length of 1970km and the area of its basin is around 442 500 km2 . In the upper stream, Don runs in a narrow valley; the right shore is 90 meters high and the left is low and slant. The river has lots of turns and curves. The most important tributaries of the river are Nepriadva, Krasivaya Mecha, Bistraya Sosna, Voronezh. In the mid stream, near Kalach city, the valley of Don gets wider. The right shore here is also high. In the lower stream Don flows in a very wide valley (20-30 km) with wide floodplain and it is about 20m deep. Tributaries of Don are Severski Donetz, Sal and Manich. Don’s delta has area of about 340km2 . It is most abounding during the spring and least abounding during August and September. The yearly flow is 27.4km3 . In its easternmost Continue reading “Don”

Salamander

SalamanderFire salamander (salamandra) are from the caudata order. Their body is about 30cm in length, they are slow, the tail is round and relatively short. There are three kinds of fire salamaner throughout Europe. They live in wet and shady places, holes of small animals, hollows, cracks of rocks, under the leaf covers in the forests. The female gives birth to about 70 larvae with external gills. The fire salamander feeds on insects, slugs, worms, etc. In Bulgaria only one kind is known – the S. maculosa. It is seen mainly in wet and shady forests. Its body Continue reading “Salamander”

Birch

Birch (Betula)Birch (Betula) – deciduous trees and shrubs of the genus Betula. There are more than 100 species found mainly in East Asia and North America. In Europe there are four species of birch and the most widespread of them is the Common Birch (Betula Alba), also called White Birch. It reaches up to 25, rarely 30, meters in height and is usually found in the mountains, mostly in coniferous forests around clearings, always in limited numbers and among stands of other types of trees. The birch has a good potential to be used as a building material and for industrial purposes but only in the areas where it is found in large quantities. Its wood has no core, it’s moderately heavy, tough and Continue reading “Birch”

Collard Dove

Collard DoveThe Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia Decaocto) – is a bird from the Dove order. Its plumage is darker on top and lighter grey up front. Around the neck it has a ring of black plumage. The Collard Dove is widespread in the southern areas of Asia, on the Balkans, and in the last 50 years it quickly spread north and west. It is usually found in populated areas or near them, inhabiting gardens, parks, and yards. The female lays two white eggs 3 to 6 times a year. The doves eat seeds, greens, insects and food waste.

Beech

BeechThe Beech-tree (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the Beech family. There are nine spieces of it distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The European beech or Common beech (Fagus sylvatica) reaches up to 30-40 meters in height and is found in Europe. It grows in almost all at an altitude between 700 and 1800-2000 meters, in extensive beech only stands or among conifers, oaks and other trees. The beech has three ecotypes: foothill beech, mountain beech and alpine beech. The Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) reaches more than 30 meters in height and is found in Southeast Continue reading “Beech”

Rabbit

RabbitThe rabbits are mammals from the Rodent order. They are distinguished by their long ears and long hind legs, but have very short tails. On the upper jaw they have two pairs of incisors and one pair on the lower jaw. The body is covered in soft fur. There are 10 documented genera of rabbits, distributed almost throughout the entire dry land surface of the planet. In Australia and on some islands the rabbits were brought by humans (the European rabbit for example). Rabbits have various habitats and are herbivores – they eat grass, leaves and tree bark. Rabbits are very fertile. Every year they produce several litters of 7-8 or more bunnies. The domesticated rabbits descend from the European or Common rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), which Continue reading “Rabbit”

Wolf

wolf EuropeThe wolf (canis lupus) is a big carnivore mammal from the dogs family. Its fur is grey-yellowish, darker in the southern regions or lighter in the northern regions. The wolf length varies from 105 to 160 cm, the usual weight is around 40-50 kilos, rarely more. It can be encountered in Europe, Asia, North America. In Bulgaria the wolf can be seen everywhere in the mountains, lately the encounters are becoming rarer and rarer. During the warm months the wolf lives alone and during the winter they live in packs, which go down around fields and villages and attack live stock. The main source of food for the wolf is wild animals, birds, lizards, frogs,but it also eats fruits, corn and other. During the spring, female wolves give birth to 3 to 14 cubs, usually in Continue reading “Wolf”

Population

Europe’s populationPopulation. In anthropological terms the majority of Europe’s population falls into different types of Caucasian race. Just in a few European regions there are populations of Asian origins. In ethnic and linguistic terms most of Europe’s population speaks Indo-European languages distributed mainly in three large family groups: Slavic, Germanic and Romanic. Slavic peoples inhabit Central and Southeast Europe and are divided three groups. Germanic peoples live in Central and Northern Europe and the British Isles They are divided into two groups. Romanic peoples inhabit the South and Southeastern Europe and are divided into two groups. The Indo-European language speaking peoples also include the Baltic nations ­along the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, the Celtic peoples of the United Kingdom, Ireland and Continue reading “Population”

Animals

Wild boar in EuropeIn zoogeographic terms Europe belongs to the Palearctic zoogeographical zone. Human activities (deforestation, farming, hunting, etc.) have changed the make-up and distribution of wildlife, and sometimes even have led to the extinction of certain species. For the alpine tundra typical are the arctic fox and partridge, and in coastal areas there are gulls eiders and seals. Moose, wild boar, fox, wolf, brown bear, wildcat, hedgehog, rabbit, squirrel, deer, and various birds inhabit the forest areas. The steppes and Continue reading “Animals”