The Beech-tree (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the Beech family. There are nine spieces of it distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The European beech or Common beech (Fagus sylvatica) reaches up to 30-40 meters in height and is found in Europe. It grows in almost all at an altitude between 700 and 1800-2000 meters, in extensive beech only stands or among conifers, oaks and other trees. The beech has three ecotypes: foothill beech, mountain beech and alpine beech. The Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) reaches more than 30 meters in height and is found in Southeast Europe and Southwest Asia. The beech timber is of high quality, dense, heavy and is used as a building material, for pulp and etc. The leaves are ovate or elliptical, the blossoms are small catkins, and the fruits (beechnuts) contain 30-35% fat.