Geography I

Europe’s reliefEurope’s relief varies enormously. 17 % of its territory is covered by mountains (1,5 % of which are more than 2000 meters high) and that is why the average altitude of the continent is rather low – about 300 meters. There are a number of regularities in the distribution of the larger relief forms – the mountains are followed by hills, planes and valleys and the major orographic zones are running mostly from the southwest to the northeast. The mountain ridges are of various geological ages. In the north of Europe are the Scandinavian mountains (height up to 2568 m), which make a gigantic dome rolling steeply to the Atlantic Ocean. Numerous deep valleys and fjords segment their western part. The Baltic and the Southern coasts of Scandinavia and Finland mostly consist of lowlands and valleys. A rather different region is the island of Iceland, which is largely a basalt plateau. The extension of the Scandinavian mountains is the segmented plateau mountain range of Scotland

One thought on “Geography I

  1. thepetalpusher November 18, 2011 at 10:20 pm

    This post makes me want to pack my bags . . .

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